Major minerals are industrial minerals such as limestone, quartz and feldspar, garnet, Magnesite, silica sand, bauxite, vermiculite, graphite heavy mineral sand and iron ores as specified in Schedule I and II of Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957.
The grant of mineral concessions for major minerals are governed by Act and Rules enacted by Government of India such as Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957 and Mineral Concession Rules, 1960.
The Director of Geology and Mining is empowered to grant mining lease for major minerals in patta lands as per G.O. Ms. No.133 / Industries / dated 04.05.1998.
The Government is the competent authority to grant mineral concessions in respect of Government lands and of both patta and poramboke lands.
Tribunal of Government of India, Ministry of Mines is the competent authority to review the orders of the State Government in the Revision Applications if any filed by the aggrieved person as per Rule 54 of the MCR, 1960.
Minor Minerals are those minerals used as construction materials for building, road etc. viz. rough stone, granite, gravel, earth, red earth, soil etc.
The grant of mineral concession for minor minerals is governed by the Tamilnadu Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 1959.
The District Collectors of the concerned districts is the lease granting authority for minor minerals except granite.
The grant of mineral concession for Granite is governed by the Granite Conservation and Development Rules, 1999 and Tamilnadu Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 1959.
For black granite and multi coloured granite the Government is the competent authority to grant quarry lease.
There are provisions in TNMMCR, 1960 for filing appeal against the orders of the District Collector.
Powers Delegated to the Officers under M.M.(D.&R.) Act,1957 and M.C.R, 1960
Procedures for grant of Mineral Concessions